1606 - Dutchman Janszoon, aboard the Duyfken, lands at Cape York Peninsula
and returns to Holland with first chart of the Australian coastline
1616 – Dutch sailor Dirk Hartog, aboard the Eendracht, strikes land at Western Australia
) and explores and charts north to Exmouth
1642 – Dutch sailor Abel Tasman, claimed part of Australia
for Holland and named it “Van Diemen’s Land”. This was Tasmania
, although they had not realised it was an island separated from mainland Australia
1688 – William Dampier
and company of buccaneers gathered in covers of Kimberley
coastline – “Buccaneers Archipelago”. Published detailed accounts of voyage and experiences with Aboriginals.
1699 – English Government sponsor William Dampier
’s exploration of North West WA aboard the Roebuck. Dampier
reported the land was worthless. This was consistent with the Dutch reports and coupled with negative reviews of the local inhabitants, the world gave up interest in colonising “Australia
” for nearly a century!
1768 - Englishman, Captain Cook
was sent by the British aboard the Endeavour to make astronomical observations of the transit of Venus in the Pacific. He also had secret orders to then look for the Southern Continent.
1770 – April 28, Captain Cook
lands the Endeavour at Botany Bay and claims the country for Britain naming it “New South Wales
”. Heading north up the East Coast of Australia
he stopped for hull repairs in Cooktown
, and were first to make passage through Torres proving New Guinea and Australia
were not joined.
It would be another 18 years until the British returned to Australia
, however when they did they came with a fleet of ships and a thousand people to establish a penal colony which also served as a strategic move to gain a naval base in the Pacific.