Groups of Aboriginal people camped in rock shelters around Ubirr to take advantage of the enormous variety of foods available from the East Alligator River, the Nadab floodplain, the woodlands
, and the surrounding stone country. The rock overhang of the main gallery provided an area where a family could set up camp. Food items were regularly painted on the back wall, one on top of the other, to pay respect to the particular animal, to ensure future hunting success, or to illustrate a noteworthy catch. Among the animals painted in the main gallery are barramundi
, catfish, mullet
, goannas, long-necked turtles, pig-nosed turtles, rock ringtail possums, and wallabies. Although Aboriginal people no longer live in the shelter, the animals depicted are still hunted for food today.