is the capital city of the state of South Australia
and has a population
of 1,045,854 (1.04 million). It is Australia
's 4th largest city. The Torrens River runs through Adelaide
, the Mount Lofty
Ranges and the Gulf St Vincent surround it.
Colonel William Light sighted Adelaide
in 1836. The settlement was named after Queen Adelaide
, King William IV's wife. Adelaide
was not settled as a convict state and did not have any financial backing from the British government. The colony offered civil and religious freedom to all who settled there. Adelaide
is now known as 'the city of churches' and offers a serene and calming atmosphere to it's visitors.
The climate in Adelaide
is compared to that of the Mediterranean. Having an average rainfall of 560mm and temperatures reaching 29 degrees in summer and 15 degrees in winter.
The telephone code for Adelaide
and the state of South Australia
is 08. Adelaide
observes GMT + 9.5 and during the summer GMT +10.5.