Coorong National Park Waterways

StartClick to Reverse the Dynamic Map and Driving NotesMundoo Channel Car Park
FinishMundoo Channel Car Park
DifficultyDifficulty 2/5
Suitable forBoat 
Distance18.8 km
Minimum Days1
Average Speed4.7 km/hr
Driving Time4 hrs
Article By: Member - Stephen Langman
Page Updated: 9 Mar 2010


Taking its name from the Ngarrindjeri Aboriginal word ‘karangh’ meaning ‘narrow neck’, the shallow lagoons and waterways of the Coorong are home to more than 200 species of bird, including the world’s largest breeding colony of Australian Pelicans. The Coorong is also very rich with hundreds of plant species, and is a sanctuary for native wildlife, with the waters providing a haven for the famous mullet, flounder and bream.

As this area is so prolific in wildlife and plant life, permanent habitation by the local Ngarrindjeri Aboriginal people has occurred for well over 6000 years, with many archaeological treasures still visible as you stroll through the pure white dunes on one of the walking trails that cross the large dunes of the Younghusband Peninsula.

Even though the Coorong can be visited by four wheel drive, this inside section is only accessible by boat and those that take their time to explore this area will be rewarded with stunning scenery and you can even try your luck by throwing in a fishing line.

How to Use this Trek Note

Click the "Map" tab below to see the route we've provided. Icons on the map are the POIs you'll need for navigation purposes. Be sure to check the list of Nearby Places on each POI page.

If you'd like to save this information there are a couple of ways to go about it, depending on what you're actually after:-
  • Ideal solution - download the ExplorOz Traveller App from Google Play or the App Store. The app enables you to carry the ExplorOz Places, Treks, & Maps data offline in your mobile device ready for your adventures. It is a complete mapping, navigation and tracking app. For more details, read our ExplorOz Traveller page.
  • You can print a paper copy of the text using the print icon button shown above, near the social media buttons. For the best output it is advised to open each tab/section to load all images and artwork. You will still need to click open each Place page (listed in Where to Stay, What to See) to print off all available information.
  • If you have a Hema Navigator or use Mapping Software such as OziExplorer, or TrackRanger AND you are an ExplorOz Member, then you can click the Download Trek button at the top of this page to obtain the raw data files (eg. GPX) for this Trek.
  • If you're not a Member, or you'd like to batch download the entire Treks database you can obtain this by buying a product called EOTreks Route Files from our online shop.


As early as 1914, there were concerns for the importance of the Coorong and finally in 1966, the 50,000 ha Coorong National Park was declared. The declaration was very important so as to conserve the distinctive landscape, coastal dune system, lagoons, wetlands and coastal vegetation, as well as the great number of birds, animals and fish that live in or visit this area.

As a habitat for numerous species of birds and as a refuge for birds in times of drought, the Coorong is important in a National and International sense. On the 21st December 1975, the Coorong was included on the list of “Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat” On the 30th April 1981; the Coorong area was Part of an agreement between Australia, Japan and China for the “Protection of Migratory Birds and Birds in Danger of Extinction and their Environment”.

Adding further importance of the area, the Coorong and the Lower Lakes is one of Australia’s most significant wetlands and because of its Waterbird habitats as designated a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention in 1985. Migratory birds fly from as far as Alaska, Northern China and Siberia to breed.


The Formation of the Coorong

The Coorong is a series of ancient and complex sand dunes, with the oldest being formed some 120,000 years ago. Around 80,000 years ago there was another formation, with some of these dunes still remaining on the Younghusband Peninsula today. During this time, sea levels were some 150 metres below today’s water levels. At the End of the last Ice Age, sea levels rose considerably and formed an island on top the 80,000 year old sand dunes. This rising sea level produced a lagoon behind the present line of seaward dunes. At the time there were probably many access points from the sea to the lagoon, but over time and wind and sands filled these access points creating this unique neck of land that is known today as the Coorong and the Younghusband Peninsula.

Aboriginal Occupation

Occupying a large area of land, from Cape Jervis through to Murray Bridge and as far south as Kingston and including all the Coorong area, lived 5 Aboriginal tribal groups, all belonging to the same clan of the Ngarrindjeri people with archaeological evidence showing that they have occupied this area for over 6000 years. Unlike most other Aboriginal groups throughout Australia, the Ngarrindjeri were not a nomadic people, as their tribal lands were very productive and supported one of the largest populations of people in southern Australia prior to European occupation.

Seeing that the Ngarrindjeri were not nomadic, they occupied permanent settlements and had a network of defined pathways between residential groups. Clan members hunted and collected food supplies at different locations, some distance from their home camps, with hunting rights in adjacent clam territories and even had winter and summer camps. They smoked fish and meat, treated and stored vegetables and seeds, and kept fish in impoundments for later use.

Prior to European colonisation of the free state of South Australia, at least two epidemics, believed to be smallpox swept down the Murray River from New South Wales. The combination of these epidemics and massacres by the new settlers saw their members plummet from an estimated 3200 people in 1842 to a little over 500 people in 1874.

European Settlement

The first European Sea Explorers to sail past the Murray Mouth and the Coorong area in 1802 were the English and French Explorers, Matthew Flinders and Nicholas Baudin, yet neither failed to note its existence. By 1810 there was an unofficial settlement on Kangaroo Island consisting of whalers, sealers and escaped convicts with Aboriginal women from Van Diemen’s Land and mainland South Australia. Not all the women were there on their own free will, which would later be fatal for Captain Collett Barker. These sealers noted the existence of a large freshwater lake behind the coast of mainland South Australia which was Lakes Alexandrina and Albert.

The next European to confirm the existence of this large body of fresh water was on the 9th February 1830 when Captain Charles Sturt and his party of men became the first white people to row down the Murray River. Upon entering Lake Alexandrina, Captain Sturt named this large lake after the then Princess Alexandrina, who was later to become Queen Victoria. Sturt described the Lake as a ‘beautiful lake, which appears to be a fitting reservoir for the noble stream that had led us to it; and which was now ruffled by a breeze that swept over it’. Captain Sturt was then to become the first European to discover the Murray Mouth. When he returned to Sydney, Sturt reported the disappointing merge of the Murray with the ocean, making it totally unsuitable for a useful port entrance and kindled the interest that there may be another outlet from the Murray into St Vincent’s Gulf.

Being recalled to Sydney from King George Sound, Captain Collet Barker was asked to divert to Cape Jervis to make further exploration work of the area that Captain Sturt had discovered some fifteen months previous. Arriving at Cape Jervis on the 13 April 1831, Captain Baker set of with a small group of men to explore the area. Making a few important discoveries in the area, they returned to their schooner ‘Isabella’ and sailed for safe anchorage at Yankalilla Bay. On the 27th April, they again set off on foot across the Flueireu Peninsula and arrived at the Murray Mouth late in the afternoon of the 29th April, where they camped for the night. Next morning, Barker being the only strong swimmer out of his party of men, strapped a compass to his head and took nearly 10 minutes to swim the 200 metres of the channel. On reaching the other side of the Murray Mouth, Barker then proceeded to climb a large sand dune nearly sixty feet high. From this vantage point, he took a number of compass bearings, waved to his party of men and walked over the other side of the dune, never to be seen again by his men.

When Commissariat Officer Kent heard nothing after quite some time, he took 2 soldiers and proceeded along the shore in search of wood for a fire. About ¼ mile up the beach, there was concerns by the soldiers for the safety of Captain Barker and while conversing with Kent, heard distinct shouts or cry. The party then returned to the other group of men still waiting at the Murray Mouth, yet they had heard nothing. Evening was closing in and the party still had not seen Captain Barker for nearly 12 hours, so a large fire was lit, where the party of men gathered around it as a silent and anxious group waiting to know the fate of their Captain. To add further tensions to the anxious group, soon after lighting their large fire, a chain of small fires were lit on the same hill that Captain Barker had climbed earlier that day as well as fires on the opposite side of the channel with chanting by many aboriginal men and women which lasted all night and ended near dawn.

With the passing of 24 hours and the dismal chants all night long, the group feared the worse for their Captain and set of at a hasty pace back to the schooner, which took another 24 hours to reach. After giving the devastating news to Doctor Davis, it was agreed that they set sail at once and headed for American Harbour on Kangaroo Island to seek help from the Sealers that were living there. After negotiations were agreed on a fee for their help, some men and Aboriginal women agreed to accompany them back to the mainland to ascertain the fate of their leader. Landing in Encounter Bay, the party was joined by two friendly aboriginals from the area. The Aboriginal woman was sent forward for inelegance and returned with the grave news of the fate of Captain Barker.

From what the woman was told, it appears that after Captain Barker had waved to his men from the top of the large dune, he ventured some distance south and climbed another large dune taking more bearings. After taking the bearings and seeing no marked change in features ahead of him, he started to retrace his steps. Three Aboriginal men, named Wannangetta, Cummarringeree and Pennegoora were making their way to the beach when they crossed the tracks heading south made by Captain Barker and knew immediately that these were not made by any local person. Immediately following these tracks, they saw Barker approaching him and thought that he was a sealer looking to take women. Fearful of the strange instrument that he was carrying, they hesitated to approach him. Sensing what the outcome could be, Captain Barker tried to sooth the Aboriginal men, but knowing that they were determined to attack him, Captain Barker ran towards the beach. One of the Aboriginal men immediately threw his spear, striking Captain Barker in the hip. Not stopping him he was able to reach the breakers were he was again wounded in the shoulder by another spear. Not knowing that another spear had been launched, he turned towards the shore and was mortally wounded through his chest. At this point, the Aboriginals men rushed into the water and dragged him by his feet to the shore where they seized their spears and inflicted innumerable wounds to his body after which they threw his body out into deep water where the sea tide carried it away.

What was not reported at the time, but only came to light some fifty years later after being interviewed by the Adelaide Advertiser. One of the Sealers that helped the party of men find out what had happed to Captain Barker was a man named George Bates. Giving the interview, Bates claimed that he and another man Henry Wallen were paid £12 one shilling and sixpence for their assistance. Coming across a party of Aboriginals camped near the site where Captain Barker disappeared, Bates and Wallen waited until nightfall where they scared the party of Aboriginals away and captured a 16 year old girl. Securing and gagging the young girl, they later leant that after being speared to death, Captain Barker’s body was hidden in the scrub, at odds with other versions of events given at the inquest of Captain Barkers Death. Wallen claimed the black girl as his property, where she was taken as an involuntary companion back to Hog Settlement on Kangaroo Island. It was this type of behaviour by the early settlers of Kangaroo Island towards the local Ngarrindjeri people that had lead to the facilitated death of Captain Barker.

It was not until 1837 that two men, Strangways and Hutchinson discovered the narrow lake that is the Coorong and travelled upriver from the Murray Mouth to near Point Sturt, where they found “water here so pure, that we filled our kegs” and the following year, a Captain Gill having been wreck near the Murray Mouth rowed a dinghy up the Coorong. By the late 1830’s it was well documented of the large fresh water supplies in Lake Albert and Lake Alexandrina and the first Overlanders to bring stock into South Australia from New South Wales arrived at the eastern side of the Lakes in 1839. By 1840 there was a ferry across the Murray at Wellington which offered access to the Coorong and a stock and mail route was soon in place down the Coorong. In 1856 Sir Charles Todd surveyed a telegraph line from Adelaide to Melbourne, which ran the length of the Coorong, and that same year Captain Cadell managed to sail a steamer as far down as Salt Creek in the Coorong. By 1857, a flagstaff was placed on Barkers Knoll to indicate the Murray Mouth from the sea. In 1892 Australia’s first Oil well was drilled at Salt Creek, with reports of a black oily substance oozing from the ground. After drilling commenced, it was discovered the back oily substance was in fact decaying vegetation and not shale oil as expected. A replica of the Old Oil Rig is on display today at Salt Creek.

Saving the Fresh Water

At the time of the first discoveries of the Murray Mouth and the Fresh water lagoon of the Coorong behind the dunes that separate the sea and fresh water by Europeans it was estimated that under normal conditions, the flow out of the Murray Mouth was greater than 2,000 Megalitres of fresh water per day, thus preventing any inwards flow of salt water from the sea into the Coorong and the Lower Lakes. By the late 1870’s, the state and quality of the fresh water was becoming a Political issue due to the effects of irrigation and the large volumes of fresh water being pumped from the Murray River. In 1885, the Colonies of New South Wales and Victoria signed an agreement to share the waters of the River Murray evenly between these two Colonies without provisions for the downstream use or needs of South Australia.

So concerned were the officials of the day about the flows of fresh water down the Murray, it was even debated in the South Australian Parliament in 1894. Irrigation had well and truly started to take its toll on the River quality and levels and salt water was now entering the Coorong and the fresh water lake. In 1903 the Sydney Telegraph reported that Hindmarsh Island “which used to support large herds of cattle on its succulent reed beds has turned into a saline waste” In 1930 the River Murray Commission took evidence regarding the salinity of the Lakes and the race was then on to save these large bodies of water. After years of debate, preparatory work in connection with the construction of 5 separate barrages commenced in December 1934 and in June 1935, the actual construction commenced and the whole system was finally closed up by the 5th February 1940. The main purpose of the barrages was to maintain freshness of the River Murray as far downstream as Wellington as well as preventing the ingress of salt water from the sea during times of low river levels. Another important factor in the construction of these barrages was that usually a barrage requires the structure to withstand the water pressure from one side only, but the unique Murray River Barrages were built to withstand water pressures from both sides.

With total disregard to Australia’s longest river system, from decades of over irrigating white man did what over 8000 years of nature could not do. Since detailed records of the Murray Mouth position have been kept since the 1830’s, it has shown that the Mouth has migrated over 1.6 kilometres in position and with Hydrological and Geomorphological studies carried out, has migrated up to 6 kilometres over the last 3000 years. With movements over 14 metres in a 12 hour period, it shows that the Murray estuary is a highly dynamic area. In 1981 the Murray Mouth closed completely and within 24 hours, sand deposits were higher than the 1956 flood levels, the highest recorded flood since European settlement. From geo-morphological records, it shows that the mouth closure is not a natural event and is the first time that it has been closed in over 8000 years. So severe was the closure, that not even the volume of water from the 1956 flood levels would have be able to clear the mouth. Since them when needed, there is a regular dredging of the Murray Mouth to keep it open and it is believed that this dredging stopped the mouth from closing over in 2003 – 2004.


The area of the Coorong can be visited year round. If heading out on the water, it is highly advisable to check the latest weather and wind conditions prior to setting out, as the waters inside the Coorong can become very choppy and unsafe for boating in times of very windy conditions. Click for Weather Conditions

If wind conditions are going to be above 15 Knots, for safety reasons it would be advisable to postpone the trip. Be aware of local boating regulations and carry a PFD for every person in your boat. By Law all kayak people have to wear an approved PFD at all times when on the water.

The area of the Coorong is National Park and there are no facilities of any type. All supplies, either for a day trip or an extend stay must be purchased in advance and taken with you.

Goolwa Visitor Information Centre

Address: The Wharf Goolwa SA 5214
Phone: 1300 466 592


Day visitors to the Coorong National Park do not need to purchase an entry permit to visit the area. However anyone that intents to stay and camps along the Coorong requires a valid camping permit, which at the time of writing is $5.00 per night per boat.

Department of Environment and Heritage - Coorong and Lakes District Office

Address: 23-34 Princess Highway, Meningie SA 5264
Phone: 08 8575 1200

Fuel Supplies & Usage

Fuel Symbol
4cyl 3 litres4cyl 3 litres4cyl 4 litres
6cyl 3 litres6cyl 3 litres6cyl 3 litres
8cyl 3 litres8cyl 3 litres
Usage is averaged from recorded data (* specific to this trek) and calculated based on trek distance.

Best Time To Visit

The Coorong region can generally be visited all year round, although if you planning to travel on the water, always check the weather conditions before heading out.

Closest Climatic Station

Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay)
Distance from Trek Mid Point 25.43km W
Mean Max. °C24.824.023.321.518.416.115.416.418.420.122.623.8
Mean Min. °C14.614.612.710.
Mean Rain mm19.323.022.229.959.487.174.475.156.641.032.826.7
    Best time to travel      Ok time to travel      Travel NOT recommended

Services & Supplies


Loading Resources...

Embed Map
Embed this trek map directly into your website or page. It is easy and free, click the button to retreive the embed code and copy and paste it to your website or page.

What to See

Download Trek
Save time and download all digital map data for this trek (all places are included in the trek download).
This list may not be complete for the entire region. Places listed here are directly located along the plot file associated with this Trek Note. You can locate other nearby Places by browsing the map or searching Places.

Showing 8 Places

Where to Stay

Download Trek
Save time and download all digital map data for this trek (all places are included in the trek download).
This list may not be complete for the entire region. Places listed here are directly located along the plot file associated with this Trek Note. You can locate other nearby Places by browsing the map or searching Places.

Showing 1 Places


LocationsDistanceDirection Time
Mundoo Channel Car Park to Mundoo Channel Jetty and Boat Ramp0.1 kmSE114° 1 min
Mundoo Channel Jetty and Boat Ramp to Green Marker 4 Knots Buoy0.39 kmSE151° 5 min
Green Marker 4 Knots Buoy to Green Marker 4 Knots Buoy0.24 kmSE132° 2 min
Green Marker 4 Knots Buoy to Channel Marker0.43 kmE107° 4 min
Channel Marker to Coorong Sign and Channel Marker0.37 kmE69° 4 min
Coorong Sign and Channel Marker to Marker Post0.49 kmE105° 5 min
Marker Post to Beacon0.46 kmSE144° 5 min
Beacon to Channel Marker and Point Blenkinsop0.26 kmS198° 3 min
Channel Marker and Point Blenkinsop to 3 Channel Markers0.33 kmS180° 4 min
3 Channel Markers to Channel Marker0.23 kmS168° 2 min
Channel Marker to Channel Marker0.1 kmS191° 1 min
Channel Marker to Channel Marker0.11 kmS180° 1 min
Channel Marker to Barkers Knoll Campground0.92 kmSE148° 14 min
Barkers Knoll Campground to Ocean Beach Walking Sign0.01 kmNN/A
Ocean Beach Walking Sign to Track Markers0.18 kmSW226° 2 min
Track Markers to Track Marker and Midden0.18 kmS193° 2 min
Track Marker and Midden to Walking Track Marker0.24 kmSW225° 3 min
Walking Track Marker to Track Marker and Midden0.24 kmNE45° 3 min
Track Marker and Midden to Track Markers0.18 kmN13° 2 min
Track Markers to Ocean Beach Walking Sign0.18 kmNE46° 2 min
Ocean Beach Walking Sign to Coorong Channel Marker1.68 kmE108° 21 min
Coorong Channel Marker to Godfreys Landing0.34 kmSE135° 3 min
Godfreys Landing to Catching Cockles Sign0.13 kmS164° 2 min
Catching Cockles Sign to Plants of the Coorong Sign0.07 kmSW204° N/A
Plants of the Coorong Sign to Direction Markers0.06 kmS196° N/A
Direction Markers to Plants of the Coorong Sign0.12 kmSW240° 1 min
Plants of the Coorong Sign to Plants of the Coorong Sign0.17 kmSW232° 1 min
Plants of the Coorong Sign to Aboriginal Midden0.06 kmS180° N/A
Aboriginal Midden to Coorong Viewing Platform0.28 kmSW238° 4 min
Coorong Viewing Platform to Aboriginal Midden0.28 kmNE58° 4 min
Aboriginal Midden to Plants of the Coorong Sign0.06 kmNN/A
Plants of the Coorong Sign to Plants of the Coorong Sign0.17 kmNE52° 1 min
Plants of the Coorong Sign to Direction Markers0.12 kmNE60° 1 min
Direction Markers to Plants of the Coorong Sign0.06 kmN16° N/A
Plants of the Coorong Sign to Seat0.01 kmNN/A
Seat to Catching Cockles Sign0.04 kmNE24° N/A
Catching Cockles Sign to Ocean Beach Walking Sign0.08 kmNW324° N/A
Ocean Beach Walking Sign to Coorong National Park Sign2.5 kmNW299° 24 min
Coorong National Park Sign to Shacks0.38 kmW291° 5 min
Shacks to Murray Mouth1.42 kmW286° 12 min
Murray Mouth to Channel Marker2.07 kmE91° 31 min
Channel Marker to Coorong National Park Sign0.61 kmN344° 6 min
Coorong National Park Sign to Marker Post0.62 kmN352° 6 min
Marker Post to Coorong Sign and Channel Marker0.49 kmW285° 5 min
Coorong Sign and Channel Marker to Mundoo Channel Jetty and Boat Ramp1.25 kmW292° 14 min
Mundoo Channel Jetty and Boat Ramp to Mundoo Channel Car Park0.1 kmNW294° 1 min
Mundoo Channel Car Park to Mundoo Channel Car Park18.8 km  4 hr
Distance is GPS recorded driving distance (not straight line), Direction is straight line from start to end, Time is calculated from actual GPS driving data.


Nearby ExplorOz Treks

Travel Journals

The following are links to Members' Blogs that contain the words Coorong National Park Waterways. Creating Blogs is restricted to Members only. Not a Member? Join here.

There are no blogs available. Results based on search "Coorong National Park Waterways"


Post a Comment
You must be registered and logged in to post here.

Registration is free and takes only seconds to complete!

Popular Content

Related Products (24)