Sunday History Photo / SA

Submitted: Sunday, Mar 27, 2016 at 08:26
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Nuriootpa Located 270 metres above sea level and 76 km from Adelaide, Nuriootpa (the name is reputedly an Aboriginal word meaning 'meeting place') is recognised as the commercial centre of the Barossa Valley. It is a substantial and rapidly growing centre with a population in excess of 3,000 people which services the 42 wineries which exist in the area. Perhaps the most immediate impression on the visitor is the fact that vines seem to grow everywhere down the main street on shops old and new. It is a vine town.

Soon after the arrival of colonists in South Australia in July, 1836 expeditions were sent out to explore the hinterland. By December 1837 explorers had reached Lyndoch and by 1838 other explorers had reached the Murray River passing through the Barossa Valley. The valley was named by Colonel Light after Barrosa (Hill of Roses) in Spain where he had fought against the French in 1811 in the Peninsula War. The spelling mistake was never corrected.
In 1839 the South Australian Company Geologist, Johannes Menge, described his future vision for the valley in a letter to George Fife Angas, company Chairman then based in London, of “flourishing vineyards and orchards”. A prophetic vision indeed! In 1839 Colonel Light, the Surveyor General of South Australia, was selling off large tracts of land in the valley. The area around Nuriootpa was sold to George Angas and became known for a short time as Angas Park.

The town grew quite dramatically in the 1840s with the discovery of copper at Kapunda. It became an important stopover point for miners and bullock drivers on their way from Adelaide. It was this increase in trade which saw William Coulthard build the Red Lion hotel (a slab hut) in 1843 to slake the thirst of the passing trade. It was around the Red Lion that the town grew. Coulthard laid out the town in 1854 and by 1855 he was so successful that he had built himself a beautiful bluestone mansion.
The 1950 Australian Grand Prix, which was Australia’s premier motor race of that year, was held on 2 January 1950 using the Nuriootpa Road Circuit, a temporary course utilising roads in and around the town of Nuriootpa. The race was won by Doug Whiteford driving a Ford V8 Special. The first race meeting to use the circuit had been held in April 1949. Doug Whiteford raced from the mid 1930s through to 1975 with a short period of inactivity during the 1960s.He was best known as a competitor in the Australian Grand Prix which he won three times in four years. He raced a Talbot-Lago T26 Formula One car which he used to win his second and third Grands Prix. His third win was at the first Albert Park street circuit which today hosts the modern Australian Grand Prix.

Whiteford first contested the Australian Grand Prix in 1948 and continued to compete in the race regularly up to 1961 with a final appearance in the 1964 event. Doug Whiteford died on 15 January 1979.
Postcodes are allocated to geographic areas to facilitate the efficient processing and delivery of mail to customers. The current four digit numeric postcode system was introduced in 1967 in association with the first mechanised mail processing centre in Australia so this photo below of the Post Office was taken after 1967

While most of Australia's wine industry was directly influenced by the involvement of the British, the Barossa Valley was shaped by the influence of German settlers fleeing persecution from the Prussian province of Silesia. In 1841, the South Australian Company (under orders of one of its shareholders George Fife Angas) chartered three ships to Silesia to offer refuge and land in the Barossa Valley to any settler willing to volunteer to help establish the colony. Nearly 500 families accepted the offer and settled in the Barossa Valley.

After trying many types of agricultural crops, the settlers found the warm fertile valley to be ideally suited for viticulture. The early years of the Barossa Valley winemaking ushered in a long period of trial and error for while the settlers were skilled farmers, their previous homeland of Silesia had little to no winemaking tradition. The early focus of the Barossa Valley wine industry was on the production of Riesling, a German wine grape from the Rhineland.
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Reply By: Member - Peter H1 (NSW) - Sunday, Mar 27, 2016 at 08:37

Sunday, Mar 27, 2016 at 08:37
Excellent again, only he is using a pipette not a hydrometer.

AnswerID: 597816

Follow Up By: Life Member-Doug T NSW - Sunday, Mar 27, 2016 at 09:41

Sunday, Mar 27, 2016 at 09:41
Thank you Peter, you are correct, I didn't pick that up, So what is this small object Gunther is using to check in my heart throbs Vineyard, is it for checking Sugar level.
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