The increased volume of travellers has put a significant strain on bush toileting. When travelling, plan to use toilets where provided as much as possible, such as in roadhouses, service stations and public rest areas. When nature calls and there are no toilets available, you will need to be prepared to execute suitable bush toileting. This involves using a spade to dig a hole for your toilet waste, and either bagging your used toilet paper to dispose of later, or the more popular method of burning your toilet paper in the hole you've used. If using this method, you will find a long-handled gas lighter to be more effective than matches (and this leaves no further waste), however you must wait and ensure that the toilet paper is completely turned to ash else the procedure is useless in minimising rubbish.
There's nothing worse than finding a great spot
that has been ruined by people not burning their toilet paper! Unfortunately, many holes will be dug up by animals no matter how well you cover the hole so burning the paper ensures that it is not dug up and then caught by the wind.
Long-drop (or pit toilets) also require a certain "skill' to use effectively, the most important of all being how to reduce flies - its pretty simple really - NEVER LEAVE THE LID OPEN, and ALWAYS CLOSE THE DOOR. If you use a pit toilet do what you can to keep it clean for others. If there is no toilet paper provided, then leave some for the next person. If something is broken, fix it. Some areas have particular issues so follow any specific suggestions for use.
Composting toilets work by using lime or other substance to assist in the breakdown of human waste matter for long-term recycling into composting material that can be put back into the ground. This process must not be contaminated so please observe all signage about the correct use of the compositing toilets you use.
Some bush campgrounds in delicate environments now regulate that travellers must be equipped with their own compositing toilets. Portable toilets of this nature are available from camping stores and may be the way of the future.