Sunday History Photo / Qld

Submitted: Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 07:12
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When President Barack Obama flew over the Australian outback a few weeks ago aboard Air Force One, he would have gazed down on the desert landscape that almost claimed the life of the 36th US president, Lyndon Baines Johnson.
It's a tale Obama is unlikely to have heard, even though it almost changed the course of American history.
Even within Australia, few people know the story of how a frightened future president considered parachuting from a B-17 bomber over central Queensland as it circled the desert aimlessly, lost and low on fuel with dusk fast approaching.




"With all this rank aboard (including LBJ) I knew if I spilled them all over central Australia there would be hell to pay," the plane's pilot Frank Kurtz would later recall.
LBJ's visit to Australia in June 1942 is one of the more dramatic of those who have occupied the Oval Office. In the space of a month, Johnson, who was then a young and ambitious US congressman, managed to survive an emergency landing in the Queensland desert and an aborted aerial combat mission over New Guinea that saw him awarded a controversial Silver Star for gallantry.
Johnson would later milk his Australian experiences to fuel his political rise, according to military historian David Mitchelhill-Green, who has written a new account of the visit to be published in next February's edition of British magazine After the Battle.
Mitchelhill-Green says that in May 1942 Johnson was sent to Australia by president Franklin D. Roosevelt as a naval representative to report on the war effort in the South West Pacific Area. It was a critical period in the battle for the Pacific and the ambitious Texan was determined to make his mark.
He flew to Melbourne on May 24 and met SWPA Commander General Douglas MacArthur, before flying north along the east coast, stopping at military bases along the way to meet US servicemen.
Eventually he landed in New Guinea, where he chose to fly as an observer on a one-day combat mission to bomb the Japanese airfield at Lae.
Johnson was assigned to a bomber called the Virginian, but at the last moment he changed planes. The Virginian was shot down during the mission, killing all on board, but the bomber Johnson was in turned back before the target with engine problems.
Two days after his New Guinea combat mission, on June 11, Johnson and 19 other passengers and crew took off from Darwin for Melbourne in a ageing B-17 bomber known as the Swoose (half-swan, half-goose).





"It was a beautiful take-off, a lovely sunrise," Johnson wrote in his diary as the plane headed towards the central Queensland town of Charleville where it was due to refuel.
"Just under an hour later the jovial mood inside the B-17 disappeared when navigator Lieutenant Harry Schreiber announced that he was unsure of the aircraft's exact position, Schreiber's confusion was made worse because during these early years of the war ground stations and aircraft maintained routine radio silence. The crew agreed they should try to search for what they thought was the closest town, Cloncurry.
Johnson scribbled in his diary: "At 11.00 we discover that we are lost, due to arrive (at) Cloncurry but can't find it."
Eventually the plane's radio operator, Aubrey Fox, made contact with the airfield at Cloncurry, but the airfield provided wrong navigational bearings, sending the Swoose 180 degrees in the wrong direction, deeper into no man's land. To make matters worse, the plane's compass was faulty because the VIPs on board had brought with them equipment that had magnetised the plane's instruments.
By then the mood inside the plane was becoming darker by the minute.
One of the passengers, war correspondent W.B. Courtney, wrote: "We're in another B-17 cruising aimlessly over the unbelievably empty never never land of interior Australia. We're lost. Nightfall is approaching and you all know - 13 passengers and seven crew - that you've got to make a forced land in the inhospitable wilderness in the next few minutes."
With the Swoose approximately 200 miles (320km) southwest of Cloncurry with three hours of fuel remaining, Kurtz descended from 15,000 feet (4570m) to 5000 feet and began flying a box pattern. Hoping to locate Cloncurry or a similar navigational landmark, remaining daylight was now fast disappearing. Down to 75 minutes of fuel, Kurtz decided (he would try) to bring the aircraft down on to the desert floor rather than risk a forced landing in darkness."

Johnson's diary reveals the strain inside the aircraft; "Four hours of roaming - from 2.30 to 4.30 very tense. Three generals in pilot's cabin, Andy and I looking at each other. We circle pasture and take bearing we climb and circle. Now we are looking at parachutes - now a place to land."
Also in the plane was war correspondent Lee Van Atta, who wrote: "There were only rocks and the famed Australian bush below us and reaching ahead for miles.
"Then far off on the distant horizon we saw a small farm house. The cleared space by the farm house looked almost infinitesimal but Kurtz headed for it."
In his 1943 book, Queens Die Proudly, Kurtz recalled the moment.



"None of that country looked any too good, but we finally spotted a couple of white houses where we thought there might be some help in case we cracked up badly and yet some were still alive.
"So I dropped down to what was the most likely place near them (to land) and flew over low, circles to come back and buzz again, looking for gullies I mightn't have seen from upstairs. The sun was very low and we wanted to get it over with - whatever it was going to be - while it was still light."



The station the Swoose had discovered was Carisbrooke, a remote sheep station in outback Queensland, 85km southwest of Winton. The occupants, who were startled by the unexpected noise of a low flying bomber, initially thought they being attacked by a Japanese plane.
Correspondent Van Atta recalls the final moments as their lives hung in the balance: "As the altimeter dropped below 1000 feet, Kurtz ordered everyone to go to the tail of the bomber to give the ship better balance. From the tail we watched Kurtz and (Lieutenant Marvin) MacAdams fight the battle to decide our fate and that of a $US250,000 piece of Uncle Sam's fighting equipment.
"Seconds before we landed, Kurtz turned around and shot his right thumb up cheerfully."
The plane bumped and thumped its way along the desert floor until it finally rattled to a halt.
"We made it," wrote Johnson. "All out doors. Flies by the million."
One grateful (unnamed) correspondent on board wrote the next day that Kurtz was a "brilliant air force hero" for landing in the "rock-strewn Australian desert".
"By doing so, the former Olympic diving star from Glendale, California, saved the lives of two generals, a US congressman, half a dozen ranking officers, himself and his crew - not to mention the life of this correspondent."
The startled station staff at Carisbrooke ran to greet their unlikely visitors and word of their arrival quickly spread.
One of the Swoose's crew, Sergeant Harold "Red" Varner wrote: "We get out. Pretty soon Australian ranchers begin crawling out of holes in the ground - I don't know where else they came from."
During the five-hour wait until an official rescue arrived from the town of Winton,
Eventually a truck turned up to take Johnson and his crew over a dirt track to Winton where they stayed at the North Gregory Hotel, best known as the pub where Waltzing Matilda was first performed in 1895.
The next day Kurtz flew the Swoose to Winton, refuelled and took Johnson and his party back to Melbourne.
Today a simple stone monument sits at Carisbrooke where the Swoose landed, telling of the day when the future commander in chief of the United States survived an emergency landing.

"One of the passengers was US Navy Commander Lyndon B. Johnson, who later became president of the United States in November 1963," the plaque says. "The course of history may well have been changed if it were not for the skill of the pilot."





The Swoose, the oldest surviving B-17D Flying Fortress and the only "D" model still in existence, was transferred from the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum to the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force.
The Swoose -- served from the beginning of the war in the Pacific on Dec. 7, 1941 -- the Air Force's national museum (received) a B-17 that is a veteran of the very first day of the war in the Philippines while assigned to the 19th Bomb Group in the Philippine Islands. Usually the art on US Planes was on the nose and called Nose Art, but on the Swoose it was painted on the fusilage .
The bomber, originally nicknamed "Ole Betsy," flew on the first combat mission in the Philippines only hours after the surprise attack against Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. For the next month, its crew hit back against Japanese invasion forces. Ole Betsy operated over a vast area of the Southwest Pacific, mounting strikes from Australia, the Philippines and Java.
In January 1942, during a bombing mission, enemy fighters damaged Old Betsy. The aircraft was repaired and overhauled with a replacement tail and engines from other B-17s, and a makeshift tail gun was added. Its pilot gave it a new nickname after a popular song of the time called "Alexander The Swoose" about a bird that was half-swan, half-goose --The Swoose.

Listen to the song at the link HERE

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Actress Swoosie Kurtz reveals how she got her unique name from her father, Frank, who was a highly decorated World War II airman who flew a record number of missions in a cobbled-together B-17D called the Swoose.



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Reply By: Member - Tony H (touring oz) - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 08:23

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 08:23
Thanks Doug, another great story
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Reply By: Member - Alan H (QLD) - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 08:55

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 08:55
Thanks again Doug for an interesting read

Alan
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Reply By: Bigfish - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 09:27

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 09:27
Good read Doug. Its a pity this sort of real history isn't taught in school rooms today.
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Reply By: Member - John Q (QLD) - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 09:27

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 09:27
Thanks Doug for your effort once again to put another great Sunday history lesson for our weekly reading.

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Reply By: Bigfish - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 09:29

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 09:29
Good read Doug. Its a pity this sort of real history isn't taught in school rooms today.
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Reply By: baznpud (tassie) - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 09:30

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 09:30
Thanks for that story Doug, we are heading to the Mainland next year, and i have read about "Carisbrooke" station, and thought we may pay a visit, well this story has made my mind up, i would like to see that plaque.
Cheers.
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Follow Up By: Member - Kevin S (QLD) - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 10:57

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 10:57
The most recent review for Carisbrooke Station on TripAdviser states that the folk who ran the station have moved on and that the property no longer accepts paying quests.
Cheers, Kevin
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Follow Up By: Ron N - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 20:56

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 20:56
Then I guess it might be time to update the Carisbrooke Camp advice, that's listed on this site?

Cheers, Ron.
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Reply By: rumpig - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 09:45

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 09:45
Cheers for another history lesson Doug, i had not heard of that event previously
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Reply By: pop2jocem - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 12:05

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 12:05
Well done Doug, another good read.

Just think, if the pilot and crew were not successful in the safe landing of the "Swoose" we may never have gotten that phrase that first appeared during the Vietnam "conflict."

"All the way with LBJ"

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Reply By: Member - Kevin S (QLD) - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 12:20

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 12:20
Those of us that are old enough and kept up with events during the period when Australia "was going all the way with LBJ" will be familiar with this story. It featured in many newspaper and magazine articles at the time. US presidents have always been media fodder in Australia, so little has changed. US citizens get over their presidents much more quickly than we do in Australia, it seems.

Your story is well told, Doug. History, of course, needs to be repeated or it is lost to the general public. Have you ever done JFK's wartime adventures? They even made a movie about the MTB story.

Cheers, Kevin
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Follow Up By: Member - Kevin S (QLD) - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 12:28

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 12:28
On reflection, the JFK story really has no direct link with Australia so is, I guess, outside the scope of the material on which you draw for your interesting pieces.

Kevin
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Follow Up By: Life Member-Doug T NSW - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 20:23

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 20:23
Yes Kev, you got the follow up right... but thanks .

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Reply By: Ron N - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 14:44

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 14:44
Doug, another excellent little history article from you - one I never knew about.
Unfortunately, a sizeable number of people would say that losing LBJ early on in the piece wouldn't have been a major loss.
He didn't come out of the Gulf of Tonkin incident (read: American lies) very well - although he probably felt he was overwhelmed by the almost unanimous Senate decision with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution - that America had been attacked in the GoT incident - and LBJ was authorised to commence SE Asian war action without a Declaration of War.

I haven't found any info about the actual landing spot for the B-17. It must have been a pretty good patch of ground to land successfully, and then take off again, after just refuelling.

The information about the restoration doesn't say whether the restoration is to flying condition. That would be some feat.
A lot of these old warbirds will have to be placed on purely static display eventually, it's just too risky flying them, because too many have been lost in flying accidents in recent years, due to age and pilot errors.

The Swoose story

Cheers, Ron.
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Follow Up By: Life Member-Doug T NSW - Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 20:25

Sunday, Dec 07, 2014 at 20:25
Thanks Ron, I would presume being the only D model left it will be a static display , as is the B-24 at Werribee .

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