is the capital city for the state of New South Wales
. It has a population
of 4,041,400 (4.04 million) and is located directly upon Sydney Harbour
is a thriving, dynamic and multicultural city. Sydney
was the first European settlement
. Captain Cook
sailed along the Eastern coastline in 1770, but never came into the harbour itself. It was not until 1787 that Governor Philip Arthur discovered the beauty and potential of this massive harbour. Initially it was intended to be a setttlement for convicts. However from 1825, Sydney
slowly developed into a community where convicts and free settlers worked and lived together. Sydney
is most famous for it's two icons, The Harbour Bridge and Opera House. The Harbour Bridge took 9 years to build, it is 134 metres tall at the highest point and weighs an enormous 60, 000 tonnes. The Opera House was designed by a Danish Architect called Joern Utzon. It cost over $100 million and took 14 years to complete. Within the building itself there are 5 theatres and many other amenities, including bars and restaurants.
The telephone code for Sydney
and the state of NSW is 02. Sydney
observes AEST (Australian Eastern Standard Time) which is GMT + 10 hours. In summer is observes AEDT (Australian Eastern Daylight Saving Time) which is GMT + 11 hours.